• Alkylation Process - كلية الهندسة

    2013-09-14  will occur, and thevoctane number of alkylate decrease. For HF alkylation, the reaction temperature is less significant and is between 21 and 38 °C (70 and 100 F). Performance of Alkylation Process A schematic diagram of the alkylation process is shown in Figure below

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  • UOP HF Alkylation Process FSC 432: Petroleum Refining

    Figure 8.8 shows a flow diagram for a UOP HF alkylation process [4]. Olefin and iso-butane feed streams are dried to remove water before they are mixed with the iso-butane recycle stream. The mixture is fed to the reactor, where it is highly dispersed into an incoming stream of acid catalyst.

  • Superior Refinery HF Alkylation Unit Animation - YouTube

    2019-08-27  Superior Refinery HF Alkylation Unit Animation Husky Energy. Loading Unsubscribe from Husky Energy? Cancel Unsubscribe. Working Process Conditions Technology (Lecture 126) - Duration: 9:13.

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  • Petroleum refining demystified : Alkylation - YouTube

    2018-08-08  Discover the alkylation process used by refiners to convert light hydrocarbons to alkylate, an excellent blending component for gasoline make This video sample is part of a 2h online course on

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  • Process Solutions Guide Refining - Emerson

    2018-12-26  MC-00935 ©2008. EmersonProcessManagement,Inc. Allrightsreserved. Refining Alkylation Process Solutions Guide ImprovingEfficiency RecommendedProductSolution Application Interstageandspentacid strength CustomerChallenge#1-MonitoringAcidStrength andFlow ControlPointChallenge: Maintaningproperacidstrength andacidflowrates.

  • UOP's HF Alkylation Process: Sets the Standard for

    The UOP HF Alkylation process, created in 1941, catalytically combines light olefins propylene, butylenes and amylenes with iso-butane to produce a premium gasoline blending component. Alkylate product from the process sets the quality standard for environmentally friendly gasoline.

  • HF Alkylation Equipment Consulting Engineering

    HF Alkylation Equipment is a global business bringing to market the most advanced proven technology for equipment and servs to those refineries using the UOP and Phillips Technology for HF Alkylation.

  • Alkylation - UOP LLC

    UOP HF Alkylation. UOP HF Alkylation The UOP HF Alkylation direct alkylation process catalytically combines light olefins such as propylene, butylene or amylene with isobutane to increase their value and make an environmentally sound alkylate product for high-octane gasoline blending.

  • Alkylation unit - Wikipedia

    2020-04-18  An alkylation unit (alky) is one of the conversion processes used in petroleum refineries.It is used to convert isobutane and low-molecular-weight alkenes (primarily a mixture of propene and butene) into alkylate, a high octane gasoline component.The process occurs in the presence of an acid such as sulfuric acid (H 2 SO 4) or hydrofluoric acid (HF) as catalyst.

  • HF Alkylation process - Phillips Petroleum Company

    1984-06-12  In an HF alkylation process, ASO is separated from HF acid catalyst in a fractionation zone by heating the fractionation zone with a condensible stream comprising liquid and vaporous components. In the process of condensation, latent heat is evolved which is used to effectuate the separation of ASO and HF acid catalyst and dilution of the separated ASO is achieved with the use of

  • HF Alkylation process - Phillips Petroleum Company

    1984-06-12  In an HF alkylation process, ASO is separated from HF acid catalyst in a fractionation zone by heating the fractionation zone with a condensible stream comprising liquid and vaporous components. In the process of condensation, latent heat is evolved which is used to effectuate the separation of ASO and HF acid catalyst and dilution of the separated ASO is achieved with the use of

  • Alkylation Process For Production Of Motor Fuels

    3. Flow diagrams of direct and indirect alkylation process. Figure 3: Block flow diagrams of the direct alkylation (HF and H2SO4 catalysed alkylation) configurations evaluated [3]. Flow diagram 1: This is the base case for direct alkylation, using a straight run Iron-Based High Temperature Fischer-Tropsch (Fe-HTFT) C4 feed.

  • Alkylation Unit - SlideShare

    The publication recommends that access to an HF alkylation unit be restricted due to the potential hazards of HF. No similar specification was recommended for sulfuric acid alkylation. The major risk-related differences of sulfuric acid and HF as a catalyst in the alkylation unit

  • Hydrofluoric acid alkylation (HFU) unit optimization The use of

    2018-05-09  HF acid field sample system detail, showing welded fast-loop sub-assembly, Hasteloy C and sapphire sample flow cell, and HF leak detection with auto-emergency-shutdown system. ABB FTPA2000-HP20 multi-channel system for full HF Alkylation Unit optimization HFU UNIT OPTIMIATION White Paper 5 The use of a -optic-based process FTIR analyzer is

  • US9739736B2 - HF alkylation process - Patents

    An HF olefin/isoparaffin alkylation process is carried out in an alkylation unit with a settling vessel in which the alkylate product is separated from the HF acid catalyst containing water and acid soluble oil (ASO). The density of the liquids in the settling vessel is measured at different levels by means of a nuclear density profile analyzer.

  • Alkylation petrochemical process Britannica

    Alkylation, in petroleum refining, chemical process in which light, gaseous hydrocarbons are combined to produce high-octane components of gasoline. The light hydrocarbons consist of olefins such as propylene and butylene and isoparaffins such as isobutane. These compounds are fed into a reactor,

  • Development of a AlkyClean Solid Acid Catalyst Solid Acid Alkylation Alkylation Process

    2006-11-06  AlkyClean Solid Acid Alkylation October 6, 2006 Development of a Solid Acid Catalyst Alkylation Process. T D C _ 2 0 0 6-2 AlkyClean solid acid alkylation Presentation Outline Introduction Process Development Simplified block flow diagram Pretreatment Product Distillation Isobutane Feed Isobutane Light Ends Alkylate

  • Refineries: Application Focus - Pall Corporation

    2020-02-02  Refineries: Application Focus HF Alkylation Process Description Olefins (C3-C4) from the FCC unit are combined with isobutane (i-C4) and are first treated with a mol sieve bed to remove water. Concentrated Hydrofluoric Acid (HF) is then mixed in and fed to the reactor.

  • US4371731A - Alkylation process - Patents

    A combination process for production of HF alkylate motor fuel and HF alkylate solvent wherein the alkyl fluoride impurities present in the produced motor fuel are removed therefrom by treatment with a relatively clean HF stream (emulsion) containing the produced HF alkylate solvent. Makeup, relatively clean, HF catalyst for the motor fuel alkylation is secured from the solvent HF alkylate

  • Alkylation for Motor Fuels - Markit

    development, and economics since PEP Report 88A, Alkylation for Motor Fuels, issued in 1993. The report will be of value to people involved in planning refining investments or research and development as well as those involved with planning, managing, operating or designing existing alkylation plants.

  • The Effect of Operating Conditions on Corrosion in HF

    The Effect of Operating Conditions on Corrosion in HF Alkylation Units Figure 1: Simplified process flow diagram of a generic HF Alkylation Unit. Corrosion problems in HF alkylation units, Corrosion/89, #260

  • On-line NIR Analyzer for HF Alkylation Process

    2018-03-09  Process Analyzer NIR analyzer for HF Alkylation process measures HF, water and ASO content. On-line monitoring allows to increase octane number in alkylate, optimize water contents and improve catalyst regeneration process. It helps to reduce harmful influence of HF on refinery personnel grabbing and off-line analysis.

  • Process Flow Diagrams REFINERY PROCESS

    2020-01-02  REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMS 5 Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery Conversion Process — Typical Distillation Unit Process Desciptions One of the other feedstocks to a refinery is hydrogen, which can be used in a hydrotreater, isomerization, FCC, reformer, and a complex, capital-intensive unit.

  • HF Alkylation process - Phillips Petroleum Company

    1983-09-13  A process for maintaining HF acid soluble oils (ASO) in an HF alkylation reaction zone in an amount sufficient to ensure formation of an alkylate containing a high octane number is provided by returning to the reaction zone a portion of acid soluble oil recovered from an HF catalyst rerun system.

  • Process Simulation Analysis of HF Stripping - IASJ

    Tikrit Journal of Eng. Sciences/Vol.17/No.2/June 2010, (87-96) Process Simulation Analysis of HF Stripping Column Using HYSYS Process Simulator Thaer A. Abdulla, Assistant Lecture, University of Tikrit Abstract HYSYS process simulator is used for the analysis of existing HF stripping column in

  • UOP Linear Alkylbenzene (LAB) Complex

    2015-07-15  UOP Linear Alkylbenzene (LAB) Complex 2 The Detal process, jointly developed by CEPSA and UOP, is a solid catalyst, fixed-bed process in which benzene is alkylated with mono-olefins produced in the Pacol unit. Feedstocks Kerosene for the Unionfining

  • HF Alkylation Consultants Consulting Engineering

    In addition to our suite of consulting servs, HFAC partners with engineering firms to offer a holistic approach to your HF Alkylation Unit. HFAC can partner with your trusted engineering firm as a subcon, or HFAC can source these servs via our own 3rd party engineering affiliations.

  • Inspection program evaluates HF-alkylation carbon steel

    Fig. 1 [72,433 bytes] shows the process flow diagram. The unit is fed with olefin and isobutane to produce high-octane alkylate. The process streams contain HF, organic compounds, and water

  • Alkylation FSC 432: Petroleum Refining

    Early commercial units used H 2 SO 4, but more recently, HF alkylation has been used more commonly in petroleum refineries. HF can be more easily regenerated than H 2 SO 4 in the alkylation process, and HF alkylation is less sensitive to temperature fluctuations than H 2 SO 4 alkylation [3].

  • PROFESSIONAL COURSE IN ENGLISH “FUNDAMENTALS OF PETROLEUM REFINING

    2016-05-11  PROFESSIONAL COURSE IN ENGLISH “FUNDAMENTALS OF PETROLEUM REFINING Figure 2. Block diagram of alkylation process . ALKYLATION PROCESSES 8 Figure 2: The reaction Alkylene process flow diagram . 38 Figure 6. UOP C 4 HF Alkylation process

  • UOP Indirect Alkylation Process Process Engineering

    UOP Indirect Alkylation Process. The UOP Indirect Alkylation (InAlk) process uses solid catalysts to convert light olefins (mainly C4 but also C3 and C5 ) to alkylate. The InAlk process makes premium alkylate using a combination of

  • Chapter 1.7 - Conocophillips Reduced Volatility

    CONOCOPHILLIPS REDUCED VOLATILITY ALKYLATION PROCESS (ReVAP) CONOCOPHILLIPS REDUCED-VOLATILITY ALKYLATION PROCESS (ReVAP) 1.85 WASTE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL Figure 1.7.4 shows the disposition of various waste streams within the alkylation unit. Nonacid gas streams are sent directly to the refinery flare system. HF-containing gases are

  • CDAlky® Alkylation Technology

    2018-05-08  24M022014H_v6 05.7.18 Overview Alkylation for Motor Fuel CDAlky Process Flow Diagram Process Advantages Breakthrough Alkylation Technology The CDAlky technology is the most advanced, proven sulfuric acid alkylation process for the production of motor fuel alkylate. It reacts light

  • A flexible approach to refinery olefin alkylation

    A flexible approach to refinery olefin alkylation. Also, this large capital expenditure provides no process benefit to the alkylation unit injected into the suction of the emulsion pumps rather than directly into the reaction chillers as with the original HF unit. The emulsion will flow from the pumps through the reaction

  • Safe and sustainable alkylation: Performance and update

    2 天前  Notably, the commissioning of the Sinopec Wuhan unit is the world’s first commercial-scale revamp from an HF-based alkylation process. This revamped unit was one of two remaining HF-based alkylation processes in operation in China. Process flow diagram for the alkylation technology.

  • Alkylation Technology Study FINAL REPORT

    2017-01-25  3.4 Schematic Flow Diagram commercially availe technologies for replacing existing Modified HF Alkylation process in the District. • Cost of catalyst and catalyst life, if applicable In this report, NEC has researched and reviewed several possible alternative alkylation technologies to the two

  • Process Analyzers: New Technology for Analyzing HF

    2020-04-21  New Technology for Analyzing HF Alkylation Processes. HF Alkylation Process HF is not consumed; it is recycled. This sensor, known as a Coriolis sensor, measures not only density but mass flow rate, a useful diagnostic output in the ACA.HF system.

  • Alkylation - Wikipedia

    2020-05-02  C-alkylation. C-alkylation is a process for the formation of carbon-carbon bonds. For alkylation at carbon, the electrophilicity of alkyl halides is enhanced by the presence of a Lewis acid such as aluminium trichloride. Lewis acids are particularly suited for C-alkylation. C-alkylation can also be effected by alkenes in the presence of acids.

  • US Patent for Alkylation process Patent (Patent #

    A combination process for production of HF alkylate motor fuel and HF alkylate solvent wherein the alkyl fluoride impurities present in the produced motor fuel are removed therefrom by treatment with a relatively clean HF stream (emulsion) containing the produced HF alkylate solvent. Makeup, relatively clean, HF catalyst for the motor fuel alkylation is secured from the solvent HF alkylate

  • Alkylation Unit Flow Diagram Awesome Alkylation Unit

    Alkylation Unit from alkylation unit flow diagram , source:picsunday Amazing Photograph Of Alkylation Unit Flow Diagram - Through the thousands of Models on-line with regards to alkylation unit flow diagram, we all picks the very best literature together with best quality solely for our visitor, and now this images ,in actual fact, one among pictures collections under our very best

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